Understanding The Apex of a Corner

We’re here at the end of the sunset straight, which is a fairly quick area of Reno Fearnley. The cars are coming down anywhere from 65 to a 90 or 100 miles an hour. At a track day, we always want to remember that we’re driving at seven-tenths so the cars have come in. The way they get through this turn is really critical. We really want to come in slow and exit on the throttle as soon as we can. What I’ve got is three cones here illustrating how not to do it. For beginners, they may have a tendency to break for the turn without slowing down and turn in too soon. They’ve prevented themselves from having the opportunity to make the full arc of the term. They’ve started the arc and that arc is going to carry them the wrong direction. That direction will be just out to the edge of the track where they can probably just turn around and get back on the line for the next turn.

However if they are going more than seven-tenths, that’s where it can bite you. You can go off headed at the unintended consequences of that little tire wall. That’s the early apex. Most drivers, even new drivers and more mature drivers have been taught to drive down the middle of the lane on the highways. It’s only a safe way to do it. It would be natural for someone to drive down here, learning the line and feeling that the safest thing to do is to stay right in the middle of the road. A potential problem, which happens with most streetcars is your car is going to understeer and never be able to get a proper attitude to be able to accelerate out of the turn.

As the drivers progress through the end of the turn, the car is still fighting to go through the outside of the turn and they haven’t gotten to be able to get control of the car and accelerate. The problem with driving down the middle of the track is you may wear out your front tires. It might be really exciting and you might be having fun, but you won’t be going as fast as you’ll be way out here before you get on the throttle. That’s not the best way to go either. This time we’re going to come into this turn and we’re going to get it right. In that process, you’re going to learn one of the most important things to driving quickly, smoothly and safely around a track and that is using the entire track. Start on the outside of the entry, going to the inside, then to the middle of the turn and use the track by exiting all the way to what we would call the track out point on the outside of the turn.

Another way to look at this is we can actually make a 180 degree turn into roughly a 160-degree turn by softening the arc. What we’ll do to make this happen is come into the turn. We’ll get on the brakes a little bit earlier and we’re going to go straight a little past the arc of the turn and give up a little bit of speed at the beginning of the turn. This time we’re coming around the turn coming toward the apex. If we get it right, we actually can be driving down the end of this turn, feeding the throttle hopefully before the apex, which is way faster.

Now we’re about to leave this beautifully taken turn after we’ve done the asymmetrical late apex. We’ve got the car in a nice straight line coming out of the turn, and I’ve put two cones down there that might be a little bit confusing to you. The one on the left represents what we would call a pinched exit. This pinched exit creates the need to go into the right and really adds turn to the next turn ahead of us. Now if we let the car out to a true track out point, this car is on the throttle on a straight line, going all the way out. Bottom line is letting the car use the whole track. That is the fastest way to get down to that next term.

What is 7/10ths Driving

During high-performance driver education experiences, there’s one priority that is higher than any of them. We don’t want folks to get hurt. In fact, with Hooked on Driving, we’ve been running large events well over a couple of thousand drivers over five years with only two minor incidents and no injuries. That’s the way we want to keep it and we want to encourage you to do a thing called seven-tenths driving during an HPD event. Seven-tenths driving allows for a margin for error. If you drive out and maybe miss an apex or turn in wrong or go in a little bit too fast, then you have an opportunity to just correct the behavior, correct the mistake and nothing happens.

This 10 tenths car with a sports radial tire is designed to provide multiple purposes because of the g load sideways on the tire. The 10 tenths car comes with race tires, race tires have a sticky gummy tread with no pleats and it’s basically a slick. This tire can actually last longer on a track. Then the street tire, if you get up to 10 tents, that’s a major consideration. Also, these cars have very different suspensions and brake systems. This car we drive up to redline occasionally, but generally speaking, you’re not gaining a whole lot because we’re not worried about lap times. We’re not worried about beating the guy ahead of us, so let’s take it a little easy on the engine so that it remains under warranty and that we don’t hurt it in a car race.

Every shift is a red line. Every breaking point is the latest possible and we take the car to the limits. The driving style is also really important. That’s really what we’re talking about. This car is slid and pushed and driven into the very last foot. It also has a lot more safety gear including a full roll cage made of mild steel and welded to the subframe of this car in eight different locations. This car has the standard safety gear, seatbelts shoulder harnesses, airbags. With regard to the safety gear, we recommend the open face helmet.

A steering wheel with an active airbag is best driven with an open face. Helmets are probably the most important item that we have out with us at an HPD program in the race car. Obviously, a little more dramatic activity could take place and this type of helmet would certainly be much more recommended. Full face fireproof lining Pfizer over the front offers much more protection. Also, a full fire suit is called for in a racing situation. So this is what we were when we run out here at 10 tenths. Contrasting very clearly to what happens at attracting day. We’d like you to have fun and learn how to drive this car and enjoy the day going away exhilarated and with a lifetime experience as well as new lifetime friends.

How to Change a Car Oil Pressure Sensor

Most cars either have an oil pressure gauge or an oil pressure light that indicates when the oil pressure is in an optimum pressure range or when it might be too low. If the oil pressure sender fails, you can either read too low or not at all, and it’s a relatively simple procedure to swap it out.

You first have to locate the oil pressure sensor. In this case, it’s threaded into the side of the block right here. You remove the connector, which is usually a single wire from the sensor. Then you simply put a wrench on the Hex, back it out, put the new one in and tighten it up. Usually, it comes with a new seal. If it does not, you want to put either a Teflon paste or Teflon tape on the threads and then reconnect the wire and you should have a functioning oil pressure lighter gauge.

How to Fix an Ignition Key That Won’t Turn

Hello, my name is Tom Brown, a certified auto mechanical in Redding, Pennsylvania. Today we’re going to talk about how to fix an ignition lock, the ignition cylinder that will not turn. Every vehicle is little different as the configuration of your ignition lock cylinder. Sometimes there are locks on the steering wheel that locks from left to right when you put in the park, so it doesn’t go anywhere. Sometimes if you yanked that steering wheel pretty hard from one side to the other, they’ll move that way. If they don’t, the ignition key is usually the culprit right here.

You have to get yourself a repair manual from your local auto parts store and look through it on how to change the lock. Unfortunately, every vehicle is different so I’m not going to show you one way to do it, but just follow step by step. You might want to read it first because a lot of these have security features in them. If you don’t have any security features, do it yourself. If they do have security features, unfortunately, we’ll have to leave it up to a local mechanic to have it done for you. A lot of people just don’t have the proper equipment to do the reprogramming themselves.

How to Test a Car Voltage Regulator

With an alternator, you have a voltage regulator and this voltage regulator is responsible for keeping the voltage on the vehicle from exceeding a limit. This limit is usually 13.8 to 14.2 volts, which is enough voltage to allow for proper battery charging, but not enough to burn out light bulbs or damage delicate computer circuits. The best way to test a voltage regulator is with a multimeter. What you do is you put your multimeter clamps directly on the battery terminals, positive red depositive and black to negative. With the car off you should have a little over 12 volts. That’s a healthy battery. Once you’re hooked up, you want to start the vehicle and what you’ll see is that at idle, the voltage will increase.

This means that the alternator is charging the battery. We’re making about 13.8 – 13.9 volts. At this point, what you want to do is to slowly start increasing the speed of the engine. Once you hit between 1500 and 2000 Rpm, the voltage should reach a point where it no longer increases. What we’re noticing is that it’s maxing out right around 13.98, nine seven or so, which as well within that 13.8 to 14.8. It needs to be replaced if the voltage is too low, which causes the alternator to not charge properly and it needs to be rebuilt or replaced. Lastly, if the voltage with the vehicle off is below 12 volts then the battery is most likely in need of being replaced.

Oil Changes-What You Need To Know Part 2

Auto shops don’t really make that much money on it either, but if you are a car owner, there is something you can and should do and that is keep an eye on the oil level. Now most cars still have dipsticks (they tend to have yellow handles). The way we recommend doing it is wipe it off well in case it is splashed up in use, then dip it. When you pull it back out, you will see the level of the oil in an operating range.

If it is a low, what you do is you just get the right type of oil and you can top it off it using the oil filler, which typically is easy to reach. Now that raises the question, what type of oil should you use? Once again, we say go to the manufacturer for their recommendation. In this case, it’s right on the cap. If you have a mechanic that you think is particularly competent and confident who believes you should use a different type of oil during different seasons, you might agree to go ahead with that. However I have to say with modern high tech oil and modern cars, there’s no reason you can’t put it in the specified oil run all year and have no problem. We recommend that you check your oil level every time. Maybe every other time you fill your fuel tank.

Some cars make it easier for you. They don’t have dipsticks. I can think of one example, BMWs, some of the modern ones. Just let you check the oil level right in the instrument panel. If you find that the level is going down, consistently goes down, you might have a leak or it might reflect some other problem. You’re going to need to get that checked out by the mechanic. Oil is extremely important while you’re driving. If ever you see the oil pressure level gauge go down, or if you get a bright red icon of that genie lamp, that means you need to pull over and turn the engine off right away because you are literally seconds away from permanent damage that will cost you thousands of dollars to repair oils important. You gotta keep it clean, you gotta change it at the right interval and use the right tight. When you want to find out what that is, always go with what the manufacturer your car recommends.

Oil Changes-What You Need To Know Part 1

You know, few elements in your car are as simple or as crucial to its operation and longevity as these two items. Here it is motor oil and an oil filter. Now, unless you drive a battery, electric car, your car needs these things and it needs to get them replaced on a regular basis. The oil lubricates, uh, essentially all parts of the engine keeps it running and keeps it cooler. And the oil filter well that just keeps the oil working longer, helps keep it clean so you can go 3000, 5,000, 10,000 miles. It depends on your car. So the question is how often do you need to change your oil and filter and they get done at the same time? The best answer, and actually we believe the only answer is do it as often as your manufacturer of your car says to do it because all cars are different.

Typically, this information is in the owner’s manual or in a separate maintenance schedule, which is included with the owner’s manual. For decades and decades, all cars needed an oil change every 3000 miles and many cars on the road still do need that interval and some new ones do as well. But meanwhile, while you weren’t paying attention, the interval has been increasing to 5,000, 10,000 miles, even higher in some cars. That’s why you need to find out which you are car calls for. Now, if you’re fortunate, your vehicle has an oil life monitor. Now it’s not just about the number of miles you drive, it’s about the nature of those miles. Now, for many years, manufacturers have said if you drive in certain extreme conditions, you might need to change your oil more frequently. Those conditions include lots of short trips, uh, sustained high speed driving, extreme high temperatures, extreme cold temperatures, towing, hauling.

This kind of stuff will degrade the oil faster. The good thing about an oil life monitor is it actually monitors how you’re driving and it makes sure you change the oil only when you need to. Now, I have changed the oil on countless cars myself and I can say nowadays there’s no reason to do it yourself. So you understand the process. You’ve got to jack the car up, which is typically not easy. You have to remove the drain plug and the old oil filter, let the oil drain out, put a new filter on, cap the drain hole, and then fill it with new oil. If you’re doing it right, you’re disposing of the used oil and responsible fashion. All of this stuff takes time and money. Getting an oil change, at a service station is typically not that expensive and they handle all of that for you.

The Automobile Business

 

Worldwide automobile business like Mercedes, Hyundai Motors, Fiat, Ford, and also Toyota, etc have entered Global markets. Now Indian automobile business like Maruti Suzuki, Tata Motors, Hindustan Motors, and Mahindra, etc. are likewise recognized as worldwide manufacturers as well as go on bringing new designs of automobiles into the international market. This shows that people across the globe are investing a great deal on various vehicle designs introduced by a variety of producing companies. Automobiles, whether it is a vehicle or bike have ended up being belongings of flaunting one’s personality.

No question, individuals spend a whole lot on automobiles, in such a situation, automobile insurance coverage becomes essential. Pricey vehicles and roadway bikes are no longer a necessity currently they have actually come to be an integral component of one’s individuality. Your precious automobile needs safety, correct vehicle and also our wonderful watchfulness. Also, vehicle theft is practically usual in all the nations of the globe as well as can cause you a loss of a significant amount of money, if by chance you lose your lorry. Along with these, the possibility of road mishaps whether you are living in any type of component of the globe is something you can not refute. Right here is when Automobile insurance enters play. Automobile insurance safeguards you versus any type of such heart-reckoning circumstance which can result in loss of your pricey lorry made by your hard-earned cash. Currently days with the facility of the internet you can look for automobile insurance coverage online. Online automobile insurance makes an easy and also less expensive way of getting your automobile insured.

Besides this, your desire for having a lavish vehicle has actually currently ended up being simple with the various vehicle loan being used. Currently, with the auto loan center, you can purchase an all-new SUV, MUV, jeep and even a tiny vehicle. The brand-new auto loan provided by the numerous banks and financial firms allows a consumer to have the latest design of vehicles from various makers, like Maruti, Hyundai, Tata Motors, Fiat, Ford, Honda as well as much more. The size of the auto loan typically relies on the type of the automobile whether it is conventional or costs, the portion of the financing and also the expense of the automobile. In the instance of a new vehicle funding of approximately 90% of the total price of the vehicle can be availed. Normally the tenure of repayment of the vehicle loan can differ from 1 to 5 years, yet some banks use a versatile relaxation as much as 7 years. Automobile vehicle loan Calculator approximates the general expense of buying a vehicle, consisting of the sales price, sales tax, and the many fees and also costs that are thrown on you when you lastly determine to make the purchase.

Automobile providers take vehicle of all the demands of the customers connected to the automobile they want to acquire. The listing of automobile providers is typically available online. You can examine through the net and speak to the automobile supplier of your area if you wish to buy any type of vehicle, bike and so on. Also, there are vehicle leasings in India. vehicle Rental in India provides Luxury, Deluxe as well as inexpensive & budget plan vehicle rental services in New Delhi, Agra, Goa, Mumbai and also in almost all the huge cities of India. vehicle leasings in India offer a variety of affordable vehicle services, deluxe vehicle hire, coach travel in India, train vacation bundles, discount rate vehicle service to put the clients at ease.  Some data and information in this article was gathered from our friends at Las Vegas Best Mobile Mechanic